Peter Sherwood (Oklahoma State University, USA)
The development of two First Morrill Act Institutions with different origins will be outlined within the broader context of higher education. The presentation will briefly indicate how the land-grant university model developed from the medieval university and from colonial universities in the American Colonies. The challenges that led to the idea of land grant institutions will be outlined, and the contributions that land grant universities can make in the future will be discussed. After the First Morrill Act of 1862, the Hatch Act of 1887, the Second Morrill Act of 1890 and the Smith-Lever Act of 1914 there are now 106 land-grant universities, 57 of which offer graduate programs.
Two First Morrill Act institutions will be discussed in more detail. Kansas State University was the first land-grant university established from its beginning as a First Morrill Act institution opening on September 2, 1863. Oklahoma State University, founded as Oklahoma Agricultural and Mechanical College on December 25, 1890 was founded in what was then a federal territory and only received full land-grant funding when Oklahoma became a state in 1907. Both institutions were early adopters of a Ph.D. in Chemistry and both are major research universities. The role that the Chemistry department at both institutions played in the development of the university as a whole will be discussed.
A discussion of the mission of the modern land-grant university will be presented with what the speaker believes are the key challenges and opportunities today.