Christopher Bauer, Samuel Pazicni (University of New Hampshire, USA)
The Dunning-Kruger effect is a cognitive bias that plagues a particular population of students – the unskilled. This population suffers from illusory competence, as determined by inaccurate ratings of their own ability/performance. These mistakenly high self-ratings (i.e. “illusions of competence”) are typically explained by a metacognitive deficiency of the unskilled – they simply can’t recognize their own mistakes. This work presents evidence for the Dunning-Kruger effect in general chemistry, a cognitive/affective characterization of those students who are able/unable to overcome their illusions of competence, and potential interventional strategies to aid low-skilled students.